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Monthly Archives: August 2016

Know What Causing Skin Damage

skin-damageOur skin is attacked by everything from the sun to aggravating clothing cleanser and tobacco smoke.

Also, it can appear. Wrinkles, redness, and even skin tumor can come about. Be that as it may, before you leave yourself to the maturing impacts of your surroundings, consider the five most regular guilty parties of skin harm and realize what you can do to stay away from them.

Sun Exposure

The sun is the greatest reason for skin harm, says Faramarz Samie, MD, PhD, a dermatologist at Jefferson University Hospitals in Philadelphia. The bright beams of the sun separate collagen and elastin, which keep your skin looking full and smooth. They additionally influence melanocytes, which can prompt to changes in your skin’s pigmentation. The maturing impacts of the sun in the end appear on your skin as wrinkles, age spots (patches of cocoa spots), and perhaps skin disease.

To dodge the skin harm that can be created by the sun, dermatologists instruct remaining out regarding the sun amid the center of the day when the sun’s beams are most grounded, wearing defensive dress, for example, a cap, and utilizing a wide range sunscreen — one that ensures against both sorts of unsafe bright beams, UVA and UVB — with a sun insurance element of 30 or higher. Remember to reapply at regular intervals for most extreme insurance.

Free Radicals

One of the ways the sun damages your skin is through production of harmful substances called free radicals. Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules with a single electron. In short, doctors think that ultraviolet light from the sun can lead to damaged DNA and skin damage, Dr. Samie says. Free radicals may even play a role in the development of skin cancer. They are also the result of exposure to tobacco products or other factors in the environment. Some skin care products contain antioxidants such as vitamins C and E that help to lessen the aging effects that free radicals have on your skin. Eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidants (especially berries, broccoli, carrots, and spinach), is also good for healthy skin.

Smoking Cigarettes

Overall, the skin of a smoker isn’t as healthy and doesn’t heal as well as a nonsmoker’s skin. It also has a tendency to wrinkle easily. That’s because smoking cigarettes causes all of your blood vessels to constrict, or get more narrow, including the vessels that feed the outer layers of your skin, says J. Greg Brady, DO, a dermatologist and skin cancer surgeon at Advanced Dermatology Associates in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

When you smoke, your skin gets less of the oxygen and nutrients it needs to stay healthy, and that leads to wrinkles. In addition, smoking causes elastic fibers in the skin to thicken, which means your skin won’t snap back into shape as well and you can experience sagging, Dr. Brady says. “The more you smoke, the more likely it is to happen,” he explains. “If you smoke two packs a day and you’ve done it for 20 years, you have a 40-pack history.” The bigger that number, the more skin damage you’ll see.

Nicotine gum, inhalers, lozenges, nasal spray, and patches can all help you quit, along with prescription medications such as Zyban (bupropion), Chantix (varenicline), Aventyl (nortriptyline), and Catapres (clonidine). Talk to your doctor about the best option for you.


Chemicals in cleaning products and laundry detergent can cause red, irritated skin and allergies in people who are susceptible, Samie says. Ammonia and bleaches have a tendency to irritate skin. These chemicals may cause contact dermatitis, which is scaling and irritation, and sometimes even a chemical burn. People with more sensitive skin will experience more skin irritation than others. There are also more than 3,000 substances in our environment that can cause allergies.

The easiest way to protect your skin from irritants is to avoid contact, either by wearing gloves when you clean or do dishes or by switching to less irritating products. Also, moisturizing your skin can help. Some people may need an antihistamine or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treatment.

Smiles and Frowns

It’s a simple fact that as you age your skin loses its elasticity and doesn’t snap back into place after you make facial expressions the way it did when you were younger, Samie says. As a result, your skin will show wrinkles even when you’re not frowning or laughing.

No one would say to stop living life or showing expression on your face, but you can try to combat aging effects by preventing skin damage from the sun with sunscreen. You might also consider using over-the-counter or prescription wrinkle creams or other topical medications to smooth out the skin. Also, a host of procedures are available to reduce wrinkles, including microdermabrasion, chemical peels, laser resurfacing, and injectable fillers such as collagen.

The aging effects of the environment can certainly show up in the mirror, but there’s no reason you can’t fight back with these strategies.

Glowing Skin Tips

As you age, your skin gets to be more slender and can start to look tired. Ecological harm additionally can remove the shine from your appearance and abandon you with dull skin. In the event that you wind up longing for the dewiness of more youthful skin, there are approaches to reestablish the sparkle to your appearance.

Negative behavior patterns Lead to Dull Skin

Your skin starts to age as ahead of schedule as your twenties. Skin begins to lose its versatile qualities and dead cells don’t quagmire off as fast, abandoning you with dull, dry skin that has lost its shine. Notwithstanding ordinary maturing and your own particular hereditary qualities, calculates that can bring about your skin to seem dull include:

  • Sun exposure. After some time, an excessive amount of sun introduction can harm your skin, making it seem unpleasant, rugged, and smudged. Sun presentation will probably prompt to dull skin in the event that you have a reasonable composition.
  • Cigarette smoking. In the event that you smoke cigarettes, the typical age-related changes in your skin happen considerably quicker. Individuals smoke’s identity more prone to build up a yellowish tint to their skin, and their skin frequently seems more weathered than that of nonsmokers.
  • Low dampness. In case you’re presented to low dampness year-round as a result of overheating in winter and aerating and cooling in summer, your skin can be left feeling dry and bothersome.
  • Stress. Being under stress can cause your skin to become drier and dull looking.
  • Product overuse. Using skin care products that dry your skin, which may include soaps, antiperspirants, and fragrances, can leave your skin looking lifeless.

How to Banish Dull Skin

There are many ways you can help achieve the appearance of younger skin, but the best way to avoid dullness is to prevent it. Follow these steps to prevent a drab complexion or regain your glow:

  • Apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or greater every day, even if it’s not particularly sunny; another option is to use a daily moisturizer with SPF 15.
  • Avoid sunbathing and using indoor tanning beds.
  • Keep out of direct sunlight between 10am and 4pm, when the sun’s rays are the most intense — wear a stylish, wide-brimmed hat if you’re taking a walk during your lunch hour.
  • If you smoke, stop; this can help improve your skin tone no matter how long you’ve been smoking.
  • Use a humidifier in your home and drink water throughout the day to help keep your skin hydrated.
  • Use mild facial cleansers instead of harsh soaps (or any soap you might use on the rest of your body) when you bathe.
  • Switch from water-based makeup and powder formulas to creams, especially for foundation and blusher.
  • Take lukewarm, rather than hot, baths and showers — and fewer of them — to avoid drying out your skin.

Techniques to Rejuvenate Your Complexion

You can take more serious action to help restore the glow of younger skin by:

  • Moisturizing. Use more targeted creams and moisturizers to give your skin back its younger look. Try over-the-counter products with alpha hydroxy acids or see a dermatologist for a prescription for Renova (or Retin-A if your skin is oily) to encourage cell turnover, brighten your complexion, and make it appear fresher.
  • Talking to your doctor. Sometimes dry skin can be a symptom of an underlying health problem. Treating a health condition such as diabetes or kidney disease can sometimes help combat dull skin.
  • Consulting a dermatologist or plastic surgeon. If a change in skin care products isn’t making enough impact, consider a medical approach to regaining the look of younger skin. Treatments include :
    • Chemical peel to remove the outer layer of dead skin cells, helping to restore the skin’s glow and a more youthful appearance
    • Dermabrasion, a procedure to remove layers of dead skin and stimulate the deeper layer of skin (dermis) to rejuvenate, which will diminish the appearance of fine wrinkles
    • Laser resurfacing, a more aggressive procedure that uniformly removes a certain thickness of skin and exposes newer, fresher looking skin

If you’re concerned about dull skin, consider all the options for helping restore your glow. Often, a few changes in your skin care routine can leave you with a fresher, younger-looking appearance.

Know The Ingredients of Anti Aging

As you look for the right hostile to maturing item, you’ll go over innumerable creams, salves, serums, and chemicals that guarantee to enhance the presence of maturing skin. Looking for against maturing items can overpower, yet having a thought of how diverse fixings function can contract your decisions. Remember that most simply make your skin look more sodden, decreasing the presence of maturing skin; some can really influence the skin and diminish the harm; and a couple ensure against further harm.

The Beauty Shopper’s List for Anti-Aging Ingredients

These are the absolute most regular healthy skin fixings expected to enhance the presence of maturing skin:

  • Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). AHAs can help your skin seem all the more new and young by decreasing the indications of sun harm, peeling the dead external layers of your skin, and helping your skin hold dampness. Glycolic acids are a well known AHA.
  • Ammonium lactate. On the off chance that your skin is dry and flaky, ammonium lactate can keep it sodden and evacuate dead skin cells.
  • Cell reinforcements. Items that contain cancer prevention agents, for example, vitamins E and C and coenzyme Q10, can repair maturing skin, and may even ensure itfrom facilitate sun harm and the impacts of free radicals, particles that bother your skin and make it get to be aggravated.
  • Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). Like AHAs, BHAs peel your skin. They are proposed to lessen the presence of barely recognizable differences, wrinkles, and surface variations from the norm. In an item fixing list, BHAs might be recorded as salicylic corrosive, salicylate, sodium salicylate, willow extricate, beta hydroxybutanoic corrosive, tropic corrosive, or trethocanic corrosive. The U.S. Nourishment and Drug Administration (FDA) cautions that BHAs ought to be utilized with sunscreen to maintain a strategic distance from skin bothering.
  • Growth factors. These are compounds that may be found in anti-aging products, due to their ability to stimulate cell division, blood vessel growth, and to help produce skin-firming collagen and elastin in your skin.
  • Lactic acid. Lactic acid, an AHA derived from milk, is often added to moisturizers to help get rid of dead skin cells and enhance the moisture content of your skin.
  • Peptides. Peptides are protein components that are sometimes added to anti-aging products because they can increase the collagen in your skin, making it appear thicker.
  • Petrolatum. Petrolatum, the main ingredient in petroleum jelly, is common in lotions and creams that soften skin by creating a barrier to help seal in moisture.
  • Retinoic acid. A specialized form of vitamin A, retinoic acid is the only skin care product ingredient that has been approved by the FDA for reversing signs of sun damage. It is available by prescription only. After applying retinoic acid every day for several months, you should begin to see the texture of your skin improve — your skin pigmentation will even out, and there will be increases in the amount of skin-firming collagen.
  • Sunscreen. Sunscreen is one of the best ways to prevent signs of aging caused by sun exposure, including fine line and age spots. Many anti-aging skin care products contain sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15; look for “broad spectrum” protection that blocks both UVA and UVB rays.
  • Urea. A common ingredient in moisturizers, urea increases the ability of your skin to hold water and reduces the scaly appearance of dry skin.

Most anti-aging skin care products contain more than one of the above ingredients. Keep in mind that some of these ingredients can irritate your skin as they slough off top layers, so be cautious when using anti-aging products on sensitive skin. Also, since trying too many products can often do more harm than good, consider consulting a dermatologist to help select anti-aging products that will do the most for you.

Guide to Remove Leg Hair

You see them on runways, advertisements, at the pool, and at the shoreline: ladies with impeccably smooth legs without any indications of aggravation or redness. What’s their mystery to evacuating leg hair?

There’s a whole cluster of leg hair expulsion alternatives to look over, including the reliable shaving and the more included leg waxing and laser hair evacuation, among others. Components that will help you settle on a choice incorporate cost and to what extent you need the outcomes to last. Imply: You can hope to pay more for hair evacuation alternatives that last the longest, for example, laser hair expulsion.

“The most effective method to expel the hair is a totally singular inclination, in view of cost, agony resistance, and your skin and hair sort,” says dermatologist Jami Miller, MD, of the Vanderbilt University division of solution in Nashville, Tenn.

Here’s a groundwork that will help you pick the best alternative for your leg hair expulsion.

DIY Choices for Hair Removal

Shaving leg hair, the most affordable choice, can be done easily at home. High-end razors and shaving creams may be tempting, but Dr. Miller says you really only need to make sure your razor is sharp and clean, and has at most two blades. Using a moisturizing gel or cream can also help achieve a smoother shave.

With a little practice you should be able to get a close shave and very little razor burnor bumping. But depending on how fast your hair grows, you may need to shave again within a day or two to keep the same look and feel. Exfoliate gently between shaving sessions and moisturize after you bathe to help keep your skin soft and smooth.

Depilatories are drugstore creams and lotions that help to remove hair shortly after they are slathered on. Newer scents have replaced the unpleasant odor of original formulas. “Depilatories are easily done, but hair removal is often uneven,” says Miller. Additionally, skin that is easily irritated is likely to develop a rash due to the depilatory ingredients. The results tend to last longer than shaving, but not as long as waxing.

The Lowdown on Leg Waxing

Leg waxing is a hair removal procedure you can do at home or at a spa or salon. Hot wax is applied to the leg in patches. A clean cloth or paper is pressed onto the wax and then ripped off the skin, taking the wax and hair with it.

Waxing lasts longer than shaving off leg hair, but to be effective you will have to let the hair grow long enough for the wax to be able to pull it. “Letting the hair grow out isn’t appealing to some women, especially in mid-summer,” says Miller. Leg waxing is one of the more painful options, but hair becomes finer and easier to pull out the more you do it, she adds.

A razor burn-type of reaction is unlikely, but you may get some bumps as the hair grows back in. Gentle exfoliation and moisturizing will help.

Almost Permanent: Laser Hair Removal

During laser treatment, a low-energy beam is directed at the skin, where it is absorbed by the dark pigment in the hair follicles. With repeated treatments — usually at least three — this stops most hair growth, though re-treatment may eventually be needed.

“Laser is best for people with light skin, no tan, and with dark hair,” says Miller. White and pale blonde hair does not respond to laser treatment. “You should also not have laser hair removal if you have a tan, as you risk developing light spots that may be permanent,” warns Miller.

Women with dark skin and dark hair can opt for laser hair removal, but will have to check that their doctor has the right equipment. “Be sure to see a physician who is an expert at laser hair removal of darker skin types to minimize the risk of light spots,” says Miller. “Most people find it painful, but bearable.”

There is a slight risk of infection after laser hair removal, but the damage to your wallet may be what’s most painful. Insurance likely won’t cover the multiple sessions needed to remove all leg hair, so you will be paying out-of-pocket. Costs vary, so make sure to get an estimate from your doctor before you proceed. On the positive side, the results of laser hair removal last a long time, although after several years you will probably need to have stray re-growth treated again, says Miller.

Understanding Electrolysis

Electrolysis is a process in which a small needle is inserted into a hair follicle. The needle generates a spark of electricity that burns out the hair. As a result, it is not a good option for full leg treatments, although electrolysis is a good way to handle troubling hairs or patches. This is a better option for people who have light or white hair and it does not result in the white spots that plague some women after laser hair removal.

“Electrolysis is also expensive, requires several sessions, and can only treat a relatively small area at a time,” says Miller.

In your pursuit of smooth legs, it may be best to begin with the most affordable options. However, the choice will ultimately depend on your personal preferences regarding convenience, cost, and pain.