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Know What Causing Skin Damage

skin-damageOur skin is attacked by everything from the sun to aggravating clothing cleanser and tobacco smoke.

Also, it can appear. Wrinkles, redness, and even skin tumor can come about. Be that as it may, before you leave yourself to the maturing impacts of your surroundings, consider the five most regular guilty parties of skin harm and realize what you can do to stay away from them.

Sun Exposure

The sun is the greatest reason for skin harm, says Faramarz Samie, MD, PhD, a dermatologist at Jefferson University Hospitals in Philadelphia. The bright beams of the sun separate collagen and elastin, which keep your skin looking full and smooth. They additionally influence melanocytes, which can prompt to changes in your skin’s pigmentation. The maturing impacts of the sun in the end appear on your skin as wrinkles, age spots (patches of cocoa spots), and perhaps skin disease.

To dodge the skin harm that can be created by the sun, dermatologists instruct remaining out regarding the sun amid the center of the day when the sun’s beams are most grounded, wearing defensive dress, for example, a cap, and utilizing a wide range sunscreen — one that ensures against both sorts of unsafe bright beams, UVA and UVB — with a sun insurance element of 30 or higher. Remember to reapply at regular intervals for most extreme insurance.

Free Radicals

One of the ways the sun damages your skin is through production of harmful substances called free radicals. Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules with a single electron. In short, doctors think that ultraviolet light from the sun can lead to damaged DNA and skin damage, Dr. Samie says. Free radicals may even play a role in the development of skin cancer. They are also the result of exposure to tobacco products or other factors in the environment. Some skin care products contain antioxidants such as vitamins C and E that help to lessen the aging effects that free radicals have on your skin. Eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, which contain antioxidants (especially berries, broccoli, carrots, and spinach), is also good for healthy skin.

Smoking Cigarettes

Overall, the skin of a smoker isn’t as healthy and doesn’t heal as well as a nonsmoker’s skin. It also has a tendency to wrinkle easily. That’s because smoking cigarettes causes all of your blood vessels to constrict, or get more narrow, including the vessels that feed the outer layers of your skin, says J. Greg Brady, DO, a dermatologist and skin cancer surgeon at Advanced Dermatology Associates in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

When you smoke, your skin gets less of the oxygen and nutrients it needs to stay healthy, and that leads to wrinkles. In addition, smoking causes elastic fibers in the skin to thicken, which means your skin won’t snap back into shape as well and you can experience sagging, Dr. Brady says. “The more you smoke, the more likely it is to happen,” he explains. “If you smoke two packs a day and you’ve done it for 20 years, you have a 40-pack history.” The bigger that number, the more skin damage you’ll see.

Nicotine gum, inhalers, lozenges, nasal spray, and patches can all help you quit, along with prescription medications such as Zyban (bupropion), Chantix (varenicline), Aventyl (nortriptyline), and Catapres (clonidine). Talk to your doctor about the best option for you.


Chemicals in cleaning products and laundry detergent can cause red, irritated skin and allergies in people who are susceptible, Samie says. Ammonia and bleaches have a tendency to irritate skin. These chemicals may cause contact dermatitis, which is scaling and irritation, and sometimes even a chemical burn. People with more sensitive skin will experience more skin irritation than others. There are also more than 3,000 substances in our environment that can cause allergies.

The easiest way to protect your skin from irritants is to avoid contact, either by wearing gloves when you clean or do dishes or by switching to less irritating products. Also, moisturizing your skin can help. Some people may need an antihistamine or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treatment.

Smiles and Frowns

It’s a simple fact that as you age your skin loses its elasticity and doesn’t snap back into place after you make facial expressions the way it did when you were younger, Samie says. As a result, your skin will show wrinkles even when you’re not frowning or laughing.

No one would say to stop living life or showing expression on your face, but you can try to combat aging effects by preventing skin damage from the sun with sunscreen. You might also consider using over-the-counter or prescription wrinkle creams or other topical medications to smooth out the skin. Also, a host of procedures are available to reduce wrinkles, including microdermabrasion, chemical peels, laser resurfacing, and injectable fillers such as collagen.

The aging effects of the environment can certainly show up in the mirror, but there’s no reason you can’t fight back with these strategies.